It’s February 2018 – that means RootsTech is coming up, and Lisa and I are off to Salt Lake City for a week of genealogy fun, friends fun, and some sightseeing.

We arrived on Saturday, 24 February and as usual picked up a rental car so that we could head off on Sunday for “Bloody Tourist Sunday”. This year’s destination was to “Golden Spike National Historic Site” – the site where in 1869 the railroads that were being built from east and west of the United States met and were joined with the ceremonial hamming in of the last railway spike – the Golden Spike. 

Then since it was such a nice day, we headed out to Antelope Island for a rather chilly visit.

Below are 3 panoramic shots taken with multiple overlapping images on my Canon 70D camera and then joined together in Lightroom.


Another “must visit” on this trip to Wellington was the Mount Bruce Wildlife Centre. They are very well known for their captive breeding efforts of rare and endangered birds, and my particular interest was the Campbell Island Teal – a small flightless duck that had become extinct on Campbell Island, but which survived on an off-shore island. When I was at Campbell Island in about 1990 Department of Conservation (DOC) sent a team down to go to Dent Island to capture some of these teal to bring them to Mount Bruce to breed in captivity prior to the massive effort to remove the rats from Campbell Island, after which the Teal would be returned. This was all remarkably successful – rats gone, teal bred and over 150 of them were returned to Campbell Island. I had been hoping that some remained at Mount Bruce, but alas they had all been returned to Campbell Island some years ago, so we didn’t get a chance to see them, but we did get a chance to see other birds – some like the Takahe and Kaka we’d seen at Zealandia the previous day, others like the Kakariki, and the Kiwi we hadn’t seen yet.

A couple of particular highlights – the Kiwi egg in the incubator that we could see where the chick inside was pipping away at the shell ready to break out, and also seeing the very rare white Kiwi Manukura running around in the darkened enclosure foraging for food. Since the Kiwis are nocturnal, they are very hard to see in the dim light available in the enclosure, but we did get to see the pair of them.

And a great visit with Marlene – Marlene and I were at school together from 1962 when we were both 7 year old founding pupils at Fernlea School in Wainuiomata, through to the end of 1971 when she finished her 6th Form year and went off to journalism school – 45½ years ago –  we hadn’t seen each other since until this day.


We arrived in Wellington mid-Friday morning, having left Michigan late Wednesday afternoon – about 24 hours of travel in 3 flights from Grand Rapids – Houston – Auckland – Wellington. Once the rental car was picked up (it took a while as apparently the Dixie Chicks were playing Napier tonight and so the rental car outfit had 40 cars scheduled for pickup today, many of them to do with that concert) it was off to Zealandia to have lunch and see the wildlife there.

A great day of weather for it, and I got to see 3 species I’ve never seen in the wild before – the Takahē, which was thought to be extinct until it was discovered in a remote part of New Zealand in 1948, The playful Kākā – kind of a cousin to the Kea, and the Tuatara a lizard species that has its origins 200 million years ago!! (I have seen Tuatara before in more captive situations like museums, but not out in a vast area like we saw them today.) I had never seen Kākā or Takahē until today.


A compilation from the Franklin Series 11 Parts Book combining the listing of wiring, with wire sizes, colours and the types of terminals on the ends of the wires. In a small number of cases the wire is more than one wire made as a part, so a 5 digit Franklin Drawing number is given with no wire specifications.

The terminals are “decoded” with the diagram at the end of this post that shows the type and dimensions of the various specified terminals. The most common type – “30 x 31” is mentioned in more detail in this posting.


  Reference Number Drawing Number Description Length Wire Code Wire Size Wire Colour Terminals
Starting Motor and Switch R-5722 4×816 Starting switch to starting motor wire     Black  
  R-5725 4×99 Starting Switch to Feed Terminal Block 26 4 x 13 #8 Black 30 x 22
30 x 24
Battery Indicator (Ammeter) Wiring R-5726 4×910 Ammeter to Feed Terminal 42 4 x 13 #8 Black 2 – 30 x 24
  R-5727 4×2446 Ammeter to Generator Terminal 46½ 4 x 22 #12 Brown 30 x 31
30 x 15
Generator Wiring R-5730 32179 Generator and Ignition wire assembley          
Ignition Wiring R-5732 4×2447 Ignition switch to ignition terminal 46½ 4 x 17 #14 Red 2 – 30 x 31
  R-5733 27778 Ignition instrument to spark coil wire 7 48 x 3 Spark Plug Wire    
  R-5734 4×2448 Ignition switch to battery indicator (Ammeter) 7 4 x 17 #14 Red 30 x 15
30 x 31
  R-5736 4×2421 Spark Coil to Ignition Instrument wire 15 4 x 17 #14 Red 2 – 30 x 31
  R-5738 4×2425 Ignition instrument ground 6 4 x 25 #14 Yellow 30 x 11
30 x 12
Primer Wiring R-5740 4×97 Primer switch to battery indicator (Ammeter) 9 4 x 13 #8 Black 30 x 23
30 x 24
  R-5741 4×912 Primer switch to primer terminal block 40 4 x 13 #8 Black 30 x 23
30 x 24
  R-5742 4×911 Primer coil to primer terminal block 34 4 x 13 #8 Black 30 x 24
30 x 25
Horn Wiring R-5743 4×2445 Battery indicator to horn fuse 45½ 4 x 16 #14 Yellow w 2 Blue 30 x 15
30 x 31
  R-5744 32177 Horn wire assembley          
  R-5746 4×2460 Horn button to binding post 46½ 4 x 15 #14 Tan w 1 Red 30 x 13
30 x 31
Lighting Wiring R-5748 4×2454 Lighting switch to panel fuse wire 44½ 4 x 16 #14 Yellow w 2 Blue 2 – 30 x 31
  R-5749 4×2459 Panel lamp to panel fuse wire 71 4 x 16 #14 Yellow w 2 Blue 30 x 17
30 x 31
  R-5752 4×2458 Panel lamp to tail light wire terminal block 45 4 x 17 #14 Red 30 x 17
30 x 31
  R-5753 32180 Tail and stop light wire complete          
  R-5757 4×2449 Stop light switch to fuse wire 46½ 4 x 15 #14 Tan w 1 Red 30 x 13
30 x 31
  R-5758 4×2450 Lighting switch to bright fuse wire 46½ 4 x 19 #14 Green w 2 Yellow 2 – 30 x 31
  R-5760 32178 Headlight cable complete with terminals          
  R-5764 4×2451 Lighting switch to dimmer fuse wire 46½ 4 x 25 #14 Yellow 2 – 30 x 31
  R-5766 4×2453 Dome light switch to panel wire 26½ 4 x 15 #14 Tan w 1 Red 30 x 15
30 x 31
    4×2473 Dome lamp switch to panel lamp wire 46½ 4 x 15 #14 Tan w 1 Red 30 x 15
30 x 31
  R-5768 4×2452 Dome light switch to dome light fuse wire 40½ 4 x 15 #14 Tan w 1 Red 2 – 30 x 31
  R-5770 4×1519 Dome light door switch to dome light fuse wire 152 4 x 15 #14 Tan w 1 Red  
  R-5771 4×1525 Dome light door switch to dome light wire 129 4 x 15 #14 Tan w 1 Red  
  R-5772 4×2444 Dome light door switch to panel lamp wire 186 4 x 16 #14 Yellow w 2 Blue 1 – 30 x 17
  R-5773 4×2432 Dome light to ground wire 135 4 x 14 #14 Black 1 – 30 x 16
    4×2482 Cigar lighter and trouble lamp to ammeter wire 22 4 x 16 #14 Yellow 30 x 15
30 x 31

This table is available to download as a single page PDF or a two page PDF.

The image below shows the different types of wire specified by Franklin for use in the car – not a whole lot of choices and colours needed.

From the Franklin Parts book, showing the different gauges and colours of wiring specified for use in the car.


The image below shows the different types of terminals that Franklin specified for use on the wiring in the car.

From the Franklin Series 11 Parts Manual showing the listing of terminals used.


Many of the wiring connections on my 1926 Franklin are made with ring terminals as shown in these images. The wire is wrapped around the end of the terminal and then the “legs” folded over like an eyelet/rivet as used in clothing, shoes, etc. 

The insulation has broken off and shows the wire on the left, through the terminal and wrapped around the eyelet hole which is crimped over the wires.

Shows the legs lifted up enough to free the wire, and the wire partly unwound from the terminal.

Shows the terminal with wire removed. Legs partly folded up.

Franklin refers to them as Reference Number R-5813, Drawing Number 30×31, “Wire Terminal. Light friction type (3/16″ hole) Hand punch for attaching 30 x 31 terminals can be secured from United Shoe Machine Co., Boston, Mass.”

From Franklin Series 11A parts manual shows their description of these terminals, and that had I been around 90 years ago I could buy them for $0.01 each!

Several hours of searching online have failed to reveal anyone selling these in 2016 – 90 years later, but did turn up the patent applied for in 1923, granted in 1928 for the machine to put these terminals on the wire. See


In the USA the Monarch butterfly populations are very mobile – wintering in Mexico, but traveling the length of the continent almost to breed in Canada and the northern tier of US states before flying back to Mexico. In Christchurch, New Zealand, the Monarchs remain in the city it seems, wintering over in a few parks spread around the city.

I set out to find some of them today, but alas a cold spell a few weeks ago had killed a lot of them. But I did find some at Abberley Park in St Albans, mostly high up in a tree sunning themselves in the Winter sun.


A visit to Christchurch, New Zealand by Roger and his siblings for a family get together with Dad. Roger flew out from the USA, Alistair came over from Melbourne, Australia, Ruth down from Auckland, New Zealand and we all met at Rachel’s house for lunch.



A visit to Christchurch for a week to see my Dad in August 2016 coincided with the first daffodil blooms in Hagley Park, so after a visit to see Dad on a Saturday afternoon, brother Alistair and I set out in the wee rental car to see if we could find some.

Mission Accomplished.


A small update to my genealogy database today – ANZAC Day 2016 – 102 years since the start of World War 1 – “The Great War”.

First, my cousin Andrew Moffat, who has our grandfather’s medals from World War 1 sent me decent photographs of them a few weeks ago. I have now got them linked up to Grandad’s page in the genealogy database.

Second, a post on Facebook shared that a second cousin once removed – Flight Lieutenant Robert Leslie Scarlett RNZAF – was featured on the Facebook page “Air Force Museum of New Zealand” as one of their remembrance stories for ANZAC Day 2016. Robert was taking part in air operations on the island of Bougainville in the Solomon Islands in December 1944 when his plane crashed, killing the pilot and navigator instantly, and injuring the 3 others on board. Robert Scarlett was the radio operator. He, and the two injured gunners were rescued by Australian troops but Robert and one of the gunners died on the way down the mountain. Robert is buried at the Bourail New Zealand War Cemetery in New Caledonia. A search of their records revealed that Robert is buried in the same plot as his first cousin Warrant Officer Theo Raymond Scarlett RNZAF who was killed in action in Rabaul, New Guinea in June 1944.


The main feature on Wednesday was the Innovator Showdown with its prize of $100,000 at stake. The 12 semi-finalists had been chosen from the 40 teams that entered, and today in front of 5 judges they presented the technology ideas they’ve come up with to the Judges and the audience in the room. Each contestant was given 2 minutes to make their pitch, and then faced a few minutes each of questioning by the Judges on matters such as how do they see their idea growing, how it might be scaleable, how it might make money.

There were some quite interesting ideas, although a number of them seemed to be all related around the theme of journaling and recording family history.

1 – famicity [website | presentation] – presented by a French developer as a way to preserve family pictures and legacies

2 – GenSoup [website | presentation] – presented by an Austrian development team as a way to research and document Central and Eastern European family history. (One tidbit from this was that Captain Von Trapp – yes, that one from The Sound of Music – was not Austrian, but was Italian?!)

3 – JRNL [website | presentation] – a way to bring together blog posts, twitter, Facebook posts into a curated environment where the user can choose what to put in to a journal that will record a person’s life

4 – Kindex [website | presentation] – a service that will offer scanning and transcription of a person’s memorabilia – photos, letters and other items with a view to creating a journal – family members can work together to create the journal, but Kindex does the scanning and transcription.

5 – Tap Genes [website | presentation] – Health legacy and family future can be analysed – the example given was the preventative surgery (double mastectomy) Angela had, where so many of her other family members have died of cancer.

6 – The History Project [website | presentation] – Connect, Inspire, Delight – another method of collecting and curating to publish the record of a person’s life.

7 – Ancestor Cloud [website | presentation] – a market place that will match people looking for information in distant places to those able to provide the information others are looking for. Not dis-similar to an entry last year called RootsBid.

8 – Legacy Scribes [website | presentation] – if you inherits a collection of journals from an ancestor Legacy Scribes will preserve and make relevant the contents of them by scanning, indexing and storing in the cloud.

9 – Scribbitt [website | presentation] – social media has changed how people record their lives – Facebook, Twitter, blogs. Scribbitt will help bring this all together in a subscription based service.

10 – Studio (by Legacy Republic) [website | presentation] – have developed a scanner and software capable of scanning album pages, including those under shiny plastic and being able to remove the glare and distortion as it goes automatically, taking 20 minutes to scan and clean up an album rather than many many hours it might currently take

11 – The Family History Guide [website | presentation] – a website offering a lot of resources to help with family history. Currently have users in 88 countries

12 – Twile [website | presentation] – creates a timeline of a person’s family history, or a timeline of your entire genealogy if you feed it a GEDCOM file of your family. Then along that timeline are shown the major events, as well as links to any images or other media you link (by date derived from metadata in images, or manually entered) to the timeline.

After today’s presentation and judging, the 6 finalists for Friday’s Showdown have been chosen. They are Ancestor Cloud, JRNL, Studio (by Legacy Republic), Tap Genes, The History Project and Twile.

My two favourite as Studio (by Legacy Republic) and Twile. If the album scanner is as good as it was said to be it will be some smart technology, and the presentation shown by Twile was very intriguing.

The Innovator Showdown is described on the RootsTech site





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